By Cheryl Jankowski, CPA | Partner, Lumsden McCormick LLP
Tax reform legislation doubled the federal estate, gift and generation-skipping transfer (GST) tax exemption to $11.18M (as indexed for inflation) per person. This created a seven-year window for increased wealth transfer planning.
The increased exemption amounts expire on December 31, 2025. However, unlike estate and gift tax reform in the early 2000s, the increase in exemption amounts apply to both the estate tax and the gift tax. In other words, you can use the increased exemption amounts while you are alive via a lifetime gifting strategy, a true use-it-or-lose-it planning opportunity.
Affluent families should consider developing a lifetime gifting strategy to use some or all of their increased exemptions prior to December 31, 2025. The very thought of transferring such a large piece of wealth can create trepidation. Enter the spousal limited access trust. This often-used, time-tested strategy will gain an increasing amount of attention from wealthy families looking for thoughtful opportunities to preserve, protect and pass their wealth.
Most families are conflicted when faced with wealth transfer considerations. Will they be financially secure in the future? Will their heirs face significant estate taxes? The spousal limited access trust can achieve financial flexibility, optimal estate tax results and heightened asset protection. This simple, effective and time-tested strategy can achieve:
- Financial Flexibility. Non-Grantor Spouse may receive discretionary distributions, serve as investment trustee and modify the structure for the benefit of descendants if family circumstances change in the future.
- Optimal Estate Tax Results. Assets inside the trust, and all future appreciation, are not subject to estate taxes…ever.
- Heightened Asset Protection. Assets inside the trust are generally not accessible by creditors of husband (creator of trust) or wife (beneficiary).
The spousal limited access trust is an effective strategy to take advantage of the use-it-or-lose-it feature of the increased exemption amounts, while maintaining access to funds if needed and providing heightened asset protection. If properly structured, both spouses can create similar, but not identical, trusts for one another, protecting up to $22.36M of assets in spousal limited access trusts.
Don’t let December 31, 2025 come and go without taking action.
Cheryl Jankowski, CPA has extensive experience working with business owners and individuals on minimizing taxes, with a focus on succession planning. With a thoughtful approach, Cheryl helps clients explore their long-term goals and plan accordingly. She has worked with clients not only in the Western New York region but throughout the country. Cheryl started her career with the firm in 1991 and rejoined in 2019, adding additional strength to the tremendous talent of the Lumsden McCormick tax team.